Potere e controllo sulle piattaforme digitali: il ruolo della mascolinità egemone nella violenza di genere online(dettagli)
Titolo: Potere e controllo sulle piattaforme digitali: il ruolo della mascolinità egemone nella violenza di genere online
This essay aims to investigate, through an analysis of the literature and the presentation of an experimental study, the main psycho-social risk factors underlying online gender-based violence, together with the way in which this form of abuse is perceived by the population.
The first chapter offers an overview of the main psychological, emotional and relational dynamics underlying gender-based discrimination and abuse (online or offline), together with the analysis of some behavioural practices frequently carried out in the context of the so-called “homosocial relationships” (Bird, 1996).
The second chapter of this work specifically addresses the presentation of the aforementioned environments. In this regard, the illicit production of sexually explicit material, the use of photo-editing techniques within a pornographic frame (deepfake-porn) and the submission of one's own genitals' photos without the recipient's consent (cyberflashing) represent some of the online gender-based form of abuse most frequently carried out, together with the non-consensual dissemination of intimate images. The last part of the second chapter presents the so-called “manosphere”, a virtual network made up of blogs, forums and online groups explicitly dedicated to the establishment of homosocial relationships based on nostalgia for the traditional patriarchal values.
The third chapter addresses the prevention of online gender-based violence. Since the introjection of sexist beliefs and gender stereotypes begins in early childhood, offering young people non-stereotyped grafic, linguistic and media representations is crucial, as well as addressing topics such as gender, affectivity and non-judgmental sexuality in primary and secondary school. On the other hand, an equally important role belongs to the media system, due to its ability to promote social norms introjection by the population (Cialdini and Trost, 1998).
Finally, the fourth chapter offers a brief presentation of this experimental research project. The study highlighted a strong relationship between individual levels of sexism, sexual double standard and right wing authoritarianism and, on the other side, people's ability (or inability) to feel empathy towards victims of online gender-based violence, emphasazing the need to address these variables in order to prevent the diffusion of the phenomenon.
Autore: Elisa Berlin, Chiara Rollero (pref.)
Università degli Studi di Torino
CIRSDe – Centro Interdisciplinare di Ricerche e Studi delle Donne e di Genere dell’Università degli Studi di Torino
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Quest'opera è distribuita con Licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione - Condividi allo stesso modo 4.0 Internazionale.
Identificatore: ISBN: 9788875902551